Lithium: On Bathing and Mining Grounds, 1850—1890 and 2015—2022
Beginn des PhD-Programms / Start of the PhD-Program: SS 2022
Betreuung / Supervision: Johannes Bruder (HGK FHNW in Basel), Jasmin Mersmann
Renown as a critical element for the EU energy transition, lithium has also been used for the treatment of mania and depression since the late 19th century. Departing from the hypothesis that bodily and planetary exhaustion converge through the flows of lithium, this research documents the sites where practices of bathing, inhaling, drinking and mining lithium have been historically intertwined. Around the 1850s, numerous spa resorts opened around lithium-rich springs in Europe, offering bathing and drinking cures to the exhausted bodies. With the advancement of medical sciences over the following decades, many of these health destinations had been abandoned. Today, the same territories are being rediscovered as prospective lithium mining sites by states and multinational corporations, seeking to secure the independent supply of this element for the European and global e-mobility markets. Yet these projects increasingly face popular resistance due to the risks of land dispossession, ecosystemic destruction and toxic contamination. Combining archival research, visual ethnographic methods and counter-mapping, the project documents the territories across Central and Eastern Europe where lithium has played a role as an elemental medium and a somatic and environmental cure. The research pays special attention to media and infrastructures that have rendered these territories resourceful, modelling lithium into a measurable energy asset.